貓咪的膀胱結石 Feline Bladder Stones
- 若阻塞後，24~48小時 候內沒有進行緊急處理，貓咪則很有可能因此而死亡，因此，各位飼主務必要確認貓咪是否每天都有尿尿以及排尿習慣是否改變。
平時照顧 & 預防
What are bladder stones?
Bladder stones are made up of minerals, crystals, and some cells. They have the appearance of normal stones.
How do bladder stones develop?
There are many reasons that can lead to the formation of bladder stones, including:
Excessive mineral intake
Lack of water intake
Breed predisposition (Persian, Burmese, Himalayan are more prone to developing bladder stones)
Various factors related to the physique of the cat
Which cats are prone to developing bladder stones?
The general onset of bladder stones is between 2 and 6 years old. Cats that are overweight, not willing to drink, eat on a fixed schedule, and only eat dry food are more predisposed to developing stones.
The size of urethra determines the risk of a urethral obstruction. Male cats are more susceptible to blockages due to their narrow urethra.
Stones not obstructing urethra: If the stones are limited in the urinary bladder, they will roll in the organ and create friction, which causes pain and discomfort for the affected cat.
Common signs observed by owners are:
- Urinating in strange places
- Hematuria (blood in the urine)
- Pollakuria (frequent, small amounts of urine produced)
- Vocalization due to pain while urinating
- Constant licking of the genital area
- Frequent visits to the litter box without producing urine
- Stones obstructing urethra: Other than changes in behavior and appetite, the most obvious sign would be frequent visits to the litter box and straining without production of urine.
- If a blockage occurs, the affected cat could die within 24-48 hours if emergency actions are not taken. Therefore, it is important for owners to monitor the urination habit(s), and any changes in urination habits of their cats
Regular care and prevention
Increase in water intake: Canned food, fountain water bowls (running water), addition of water to food, kibble soaked in water, chicken soup (made from boiling chicken), etc., can help with water intake. If your cat rarely drinks and suffers from dehydration and/or other conditions, actions can be taken to manually administer water by mouth or under the skin. Consultation with your vet is required.
Living environment: reduce stress in cats. Try to limit frequent changes in people that come into contact with your cats and the environment. Increase the number and location of litter boxes. Do not bother your cat while he’s using the litter box.
Observation: If you notice any changes in urination habits or if any of the clinical signs mentioned above are present, bring your cat to a certified, professional veterinary clinic/ hospital for a detailed examination or treatment as soon as possible.
If a cat has a history of bladder stones, a veterinarian can examine the stones found in the urine and suggest an appropriate treatment plan. Due to the high risk of a recurrence of stones, owners should keep an eye on their cats’ water intake, urination habits, and have them examined regularly by their veterinarian.